150+ Common Pakistani Last Names Or Surnames, With Meanings


From the rugged mountains of the north to the fertile plains of Punjab and Sindh, Pakistani last names are a testament to the country’s rich cultural tapestry. They echo different linguistic and cultural traditions, offering a fascinating glimpse into Pakistan’s past and present. These names draw inspiration from various languages and cultures, including Arabic, Sanskrit, Hindi, Pashto, Persian, and Punjabi. Typically, Pakistani last names are extended with the names of their tribes or religions. Given that the majority of Pakistanis follow Islam, they often incorporate names of Islamic significance into their first or last names.

Another notable aspect seen in Pakistani last names is the historical practice of patronymics, where the most-used names of the father determine the son’s last name. For instance, if the father of Fawad is named Muhammad Afzal but is commonly referred to as Afzal, the son will be named Fawad Afzal. However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as the family names Khan and Shah (1). In recent years, Pakistani last names have also been inspired by European naming conventions, reflecting the country’s evolving cultural landscape. Keep reading to learn more about the diverse world of Pakistani surnames and their meanings.

Pakistani Last Names

Common Pakistani Last Names

Pakistani last names are usually derived from the Quran or are patronymics that show lineage and nobility, These last names are some of the most well-known ones in the country.

1. Abbas

Abbas is an Arabic and Urdu surname derived from the same given name. It means ‘austere’ or ‘lion’ in Arabic. Other forms of Abbas include Abbes, Abass, Abas, and Abbaas.

2. Abbasi

Derived from the given name Abbas, this surname is used in Persian and Urdu. It means ‘austere’ in Arabic. One of the most famous persons with this last name is Ali Abbasi, an Iranian filmmaker, who is known for his movies Shelley, Border, and more.

3. Afzal

Another surname derived from a given name, Afzal means ‘better’ or ‘superior’ in Arabic. It is pronounced as AF-dal.

4. Ahmad

Pronounced as AH-mad, this surname is also derived from the same given name. It means ‘most commendable’ or ‘most praiseworthy’ in Arabic and is also spelled as Ahmed.

5. Akram

Considered to be the superlative form of Karim, Akram is derived from the same given name. It means ‘most generous’ in Arabic.

6. Alam

Alam could either mean ‘world,’ ‘universe,’ or ‘flag,’ ‘sign,’ and ‘mark’ in Arabic. Variants of Alam include Alami and Aalam.

7. Ali

Derived from the same given name, Ali means ‘lofty’ and ‘sublime’ in Arabic. It is used as a male given name and surname but has feminine variants. American boxer, activist, and philanthropist Muhammad Ali is one of the most famous persons with this name.

8. Anwar

Also derived from the same given name, Anwar means ‘brighter’ or ‘more luminous’ in Arabic. It is variously spelled as Anwer, Anwaar, Anwari, and Anouar.

9. Arshad

Arshad is both an Arabic and Urdu surname and is derived from the same given name. It means ‘more rightly guided’, ‘more mature,’ and ‘more sensible’ in Arabic.

10. Asghar

The surname is used in Arabic, Urdu, and Persian. It is derived from the same given name and means ‘smallest’ or ‘youngest’ in Arabic.

11. Ashraf

Spelled variously as Achraf and Eshref, Ashraf is derived from the same given name. It means ‘nobler’ and ‘more honorable’ in Arabic.

12. Asif

Asif is used as an Arabic, Urdu, and Bengali surname. It is derived from the Arabic given name and means ‘forgiveness’.

13. Bakhsh

Bakhsh is a Muslim surname found mainly in Pakistan, Iran, and India. It is derived from the Persian word ‘bakhsh’, which means ‘fortune’.

14. Begam

A derivative of Begum, this surname is derived from a nickname. It was originally used as a title for Muslim women in southern Asia and is derived from the Turkic title ‘beg’, which means ‘chieftain’.

15. Bibi

Bibi is another surname that originated as a nickname. It was used as an honorific for a Muslim woman and literally means ‘woman,’ ‘lady,’ or ‘miss’.

16. Dad

Pronounced as D-ah-d, this surname is often found in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. It means ‘the one who gives’. Dutt and Ditta are its variants.

17. Din

Also spelled as Deen, this surname is used both in Pakistan and India. It means ‘religion,’ ‘faith,’ or ‘belief’ in Arabic. 

18. Gul

Derived from the Persian word ‘gol’, which means ‘flower’ or ‘rose’, Gul is used in several regions including Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, and Balochistan. It is also written as Gül or Gol.

19. Haider

Pronounced as HIE-dar, this surname is derived from the same given name. It is a ferocious name and means ‘lion’ or ‘warrior’ in Arabic. It has several variants, including Haydar, Hajdar, Hayder, Heidae, Heydar, and Haidr.

20. Hassan

Derived from the same given name, Hassan is used as an Arabic, Persian, and Urdu surname. It means ‘beautifier’ or ‘improver’ in Arabic. Incidentally, Hassan is also used as a Japanese surname.

21. Imran

Imran is yet another surname derived from the same given name. It is considered to be the Arabic version of Amram, which means ‘exalted people’ in Hebrew. Imran has several variants such as Imraan, Emran, and Omran.

protip_icon Did you know?

Imran also has religious significance. The third chapter or surah of the Quran containing 200 verses is called Al Imran, named after the family of Imran.

22. Iqbal

Iqbal is a surname and given name that may mean ‘good fortune’ and ‘prosperity’ in Persian and ‘power,’ ‘force,’ and ‘one who is strong’ in Punjabi. Other forms of Iqbal include Eqbal, Ikbal, and Eghbal. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal was a South Asian Muslim philosopher, author, and poet, and is considered one of the greatest poets of the 20th century (2).

23. Javed

Javed is a Persian and Urdu surname derived from the same given name. It means ‘eternal’ in Persian. This surname is used predominantly in Pakistan, but also in other countries such as India, Afghanistan, and Yemen.

24. Jan

Jan is used as an Urdu, Pashto, and Punjabi last name. It could mean either ‘soul’ or ‘dear’ in Kazakh and is derived from Persian.

25. Khalid

Khalid means ‘eternal’ in Arabic. Khalid is also spelled as Khaleed and Khaled.

26. Khatoon

Pronounced as KAH-toon in Hindi and KHAH-toon in Hindi and Urdu, this surname means ‘lady’ or ‘noblewoman’ and is considered to be the feminine counterpart of Khan.

27. Latif

Latif means ‘gentle’ and ‘kind’ in Arabic. Latif or Lateef is one of the 99 names of Allah and hence, is considered to be one of the holiest names in Islam (3).

28. Majeed

Also spelled as Majid, this surname is derived from the same Arabic and Persian given name. It means ‘glorious’ in Arabic.

29. Malik

Malik literally means ‘king’ in Arabic. It is also one of the 99 names of Allah, which makes it divine (4). Malik is spelled variously as Mallick, Malick, Malek, and Maleek, among others.

30. Mehmood

Also spelled as Mehmud, this Urdu surname means ‘praised’ in Arabic and shares the same root as Muhammad.

31. Nadeem

Derived from the given name Nadim, this surname literally means ‘drinking companion’ in Arabic. It is used as both an Arabic and Urdu surname. 

32. Parveen

Parveen means ‘the Pleiades’ in Persian. It is used as an Urdu and Hindi surname.

33. Qadir

Qadir is an Arabic surname that is pronounced as either KA-deer or ka-DEER. It is derived from the same given name and means ‘capable,’ ‘powerful,’ and ‘mighty.’ Al-Qadir is one of the 99 names of Allah (5).

34. Rafeeq

Pronounced as ra-FEEK, this surname is used in Arabic, Urdu, and Dhivehi. It means ‘friend’ or ‘gentle’ in Arabic.

35. Rasheed

Derived from the Arabic given name Rashid, this surname means ‘rightly guided’ in Arabic. Al-Rasheed is one of the 99 names of Allah (6).

36. Raza

Pronounced as RU-zah, Raza is derived from the given name Ridha. It means ‘satisfaction’ and ‘contentment’ in Arabic. Other forms of Raza include Reza, Ridha, and Riza.

37. Riaz

Derived from the given name Riad, this surname means ‘meadows’ or ‘gardens’ in Arabic. Riaz is used as a surname in India and Bangladesh, too.

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38. Sadiq

Derived from the same Arabic and Urdu given name, Sadiq means ‘true,’ ‘sincere,’ and ‘loyal’ in Arabic. It is pronounced SA-deek.

39. Saleem

Saleem is an Arabic, Dhivehi, and Urdu surname. It is derived from the given name Salim, which means ‘safe,’ ‘sound,’ and ‘intact’ in Arabic.

40. Saeed

Pronounced as sa-‘EED in Arabic, this surname is a variant of Sa’id and means ‘happy’ and ‘lucky’ in Arabic. It has variants, such as Said and Saeedi.

41. Shafi

Derived from the same Urdu and Bengali given name, this surname means ‘intercessor’ or ‘mediator.’ It is a Quranic name that appears in Quran 10:4 (7).

42. Shah

Shah is a Persian and Urdu surname derived from the Persian word ‘shah’, which means ‘king’. Incidentally, Shah is also a Hindu surname used in India.

43. Shahid

Pronounced as SHA-heed, this surname is derived from the same Arabic and Urdu given name. It means ‘witness’ in Arabic.

44. Shahzad

The surname is used in Urdu and Pashto and is derived from the same given name. It means ‘prince’ or ‘son of the king’ in Persian. It may also be spelled as Shahazad or Shahzada.

45. Shaikh

One of the most common Muslim surnames in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India, Shaikh is also spelled as Sheikh, Sheykh, or Shaykh. It is an occupational surname that means ‘chief,’ ‘chieftain,’ or ‘head’.

46. Sherazi

An Urdu form of Shirazi, Sherazi has Persian roots. It is a habitational name for someone from the city of Shiraz in Iran.

47. Siddique

Spelled as Siddiqi, Sieddiq, and Siddiq, this surname is an alternative of Siddiqui. These names are derived from Sadiq and mean ‘true,’ ‘truthful,’ and ‘veracious.’

48. Ullah

Ullah is a Pakistani surname that literally means ‘of Allah’ or ‘of God’. It is derived from Allah and is often used as a part of Islamic given names and surnames.

49. Umar

Pronounced as OO-mar in Arabic and O-mar in Egyptian Arabic, this surname is derived from the same name. It comes from the Arabic word ‘umr’, which means ‘life’, and means ‘populous’ or ‘flourishing’.

50. Yaqoob

Derived from the given name Yaqub, this surname is the Arabic form of Ya’aqov. It is the Arabic variant of Jacob, which means ‘supplanter’ or ‘holder of the heel’.

Popular Pakistani Last Names

These popular Pakistani last names are used extensively in Pakistan and around the world. Many renowned individuals are bearers of these surnames.

51. Ajmal

Ajmal is an Arabic and Urdu last name derived from the same given name. It is considered to be the elative form of ‘jamil’ and means ‘more beautiful’ or ‘prettier’.

52. Akbar

Also spelled as Akbari, this surname means ‘greater’ or ‘greatest’ in Arabic. Akbar is the name of a famous 16th-century Mughal ruler in the Indian subcontinent.

53. Akhtar

Akhtar is a surname that was originally used as a nickname. It has Persian roots and means ‘star’.

54. Ameen

Alternatively spelled as Amin, these surnames are derived from the same given name. It means ‘truthful’ in Arabic.

55. Arif

Spelled as Aref, Areef, and Aarif, this surname is derived from a first name. It means ‘learned,’ ‘knowing,’ or ‘expert’ in Arabic.

56. Aslam

Derived from the same given name, Aslam means ‘safer’ or ‘healthier’ in Arabic. Incidentally, Aslam is also an English topographical surname.

57. Azam

A surname that means ‘greater’ or ‘greatest,’ Azam is derived from the same given name. Azzam is a variant of Azam.

58. Aziz

Aziz is derived from a given name that means ‘powerful,’ ‘respected,’ and ‘beloved’ in Arabic. Al-Aziz is one of the 99 names of Allah (8).

59. Bano

An alternative spelling of the Hindi, Banu, this surname originated as a respectful title for women. It has Persian origins and means ‘lady’.

60. Bashir

Also spelled as Basheer and Basher, this surname is derived from the same given name. It means ‘bringer of good news’, ‘herald’, and ‘harbinger’ in Arabic.

61. Bhutto

Bhutto is the name of a Sindhi clan in Pakistan. The Bhuttos and Bhattis are considered to be a branch of the Bhati Rajputs. In Pakistan, the Bhutto family is a prominent political party, with two members of the family having served as Prime Ministers and one as President.

62. Bilal

Bilal is an Arabic, Urdu, and Turkish surname and is derived from the same given name. It means ‘water’ or ‘moisture’ in Arabic.

63. Butt

Also spelled as But, Bhat, and Bhatta, Butt is a Pakistani last name that is considered to be the Urdu and Kashmiri form of Bhatt. Surprisingly, Bhatt is derived from Sanskrit and means ‘lord’ or ‘learned one’.

64. Bux

Bux has Persian roots and means ‘fortune’, ‘section’, ‘portion’, or ‘part.’ Variants of Bux include Buksh, Bukhsh, Baksh, and Bakhsh. Incidentally, Bux is also an Anglo-Saxon surname.

65. Farooq

Pronounced as fa-ROOK, this surname means ‘person who can tell right from wrong’. Farooq has several variations such as Farouq, Farouk, Faruq, Farooque, and Faruque.

66. Hameed

Derived from the given name Hamid, this surname means ‘praiseworthy’. Hameed is one of the 99 names of Allah (9).

67. Hamza

Hamza is a Pakistani surname that is derived from the same given name and possibly means ‘strong’ or ‘steadfast’. Hamzah and Xamza are some of its variants.

68. Hanif

Pronounced as ha-NEEF, this surname is derived from the same given name. It means ‘true’ and ‘upright’ in Arabic. It can also be spelled as Haneef.

69. Hussain

Hussain is derived from the given name Husayn and means ‘handsome’ in Arabic. Hussein, Həsənov, Hüseynov, and Hosseini are some variants of Hussain.

protip_icon Quick fact
Hassan and Hussain are considered to be related names in Islamic tradition. They were the names of Prophet Muhammad’s grandsons from his daughter Fatima. In some countries, they are given to male twins (10) (11).

70. Ibrahim

Ibrahim is an Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, and Dhivehi surname. It is the Arabic form of Abraham and means ‘father of many’. Ibraheem, Ebrahim, and Ebraheem are its variants.

71. Ilyas

Another surname that is derived from a given name, Ilyas is the Arabic equivalent of Elijah. It means ‘my God is Yahweh’ and has different variations such as Ilyass, Ilyes, Ilyess, Elyes, Iliyas, and Iliya, among others.

72. Irfan

Pronounced as eer-FAN, this simple surname is derived from the given name Irfan. It means ‘knowledge’, ‘awareness’, and ‘learning’ in Arabic.

73. Ismail

Ismail is derived from the given name Isma’il. It is an Arabic form of Ishmael and means ‘God will hear’.

74. Junaid

Pronounced as joo-NIED, Junaid is derived from the given name Junayd. It has Arabic roots and means ‘small army’.

75. Khan

Khan is a Pakistani surname, which is probably of Mongolian origin. It means ‘king’ or ‘ruler’, and is also used as an Indian and Afghanistani surname.

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76. Kausar

Derived from the same given name, Kausar means ‘abundance’ in Arabic. It has several variants such as Kautsar, Kauser, Kawther, or Kaouthar.

77. Muhammad

Considered to be a holy name in Islam because of its association with Prophet Muhammad, this surname is derived from the same given name and means ‘praised’ and ‘commendable’. It is one of the most popular surnames in Islam and is used in other languages as Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohammed, Mehmedović, and Mohammadi.

78. Mushtaq

Mushtaq is pronounced as MOOSH-tak and is derived from the same given name. It means ‘desirous’, ‘eager’, and ‘yearning’ in Arabic.

79. Mustafa

Mustafa means ‘the chosen one’ in Arabic. Moustafa, Mustapha, and Moostafa are some of its variants.

80. Nasir

Pronounced both as NA-seer and na-SEER, this Pakistani last name is derived from the same given name. It means ‘helper’ in Arabic.

81. Nawaz

Nawaz is an Urdu surname used in Pakistan and India. It has Persian roots and means ‘caress’, ‘cherish’, and ‘soothe’.

82. Nabi

Nabi is derived from the same Arabic given name and means ‘prophet’. One of the most well-known bearers of this name was Yusuf Nabi, a Turkish poet in the court of Mehmet IV.

83. Naeem

Naeem is derived from the given name Na’im. It means ‘tranquil’, ‘happy’, and ‘at ease’ in Arabic. Na’im and Naim are its variants.

84. Naz

Pronounced as NAHZ, this surname was originally used as a nickname. It has Persian roots and means ‘comfort’, ‘luxury’, and ‘affection’.

85. Noor

Also spelled as Nour and Nuur, Noor is a variant of Nur. It means ‘light’ in Arabic. Incidentally, it is also an Estonian surname that means ‘young’.

86. Qasim

Derived from the same given name, Qasim means ‘one who divides goods among his people’. Variants of Qasim include Qaseem, Qasem, and Qassim.

87. Qureshi

Qureshi denotes a member of the Quraysh, the Arab tribe to which Prophet Muhammad belonged. Qureshi, Qurashi, Qurashy, and Quraishi are some of its many variants. It’s derived from Arabic ‘qarasha’, which means ‘to gnash’ or ‘to grind’.

88. Rasool

Rasool is derived from the given name Rasul and means ‘prophet’, ‘apostle’, or ‘messenger’ in Arabic. Rasoul and Resul are variants of Rasool.

89. Ramzan

Ramzan is one of the few Islamic names derived from the name of a month. It is a variant of Ramadan, which is considered to be a holy month in the Islamic calendar.

90. Razzaq

Another surname that is derived from a given name, Razzaq means ‘provider’ or ‘sustainer’ in Arabic. It is one of the 99 names of Allah (12). 

91. Rehman

Also spelled as Rahman and Rehmani, Rehman is derived from the same given name. It means ‘merciful’ in Arabic. Rahman is one of the 99 names of Allah (13).

92. Shabbir

Shabbir is derived from the same given name. It has Hebrew origin and is considered to be the name of prophet Harun’s son. It means ‘patient’, ‘steadfast’, and ‘enduring’ in Arabic.

93. Shafique

Shafique is derived from the given name Shafiq. It means ‘compassionate’ in Arabic.

94. Sharif

Pronounced as sha-REEF in Arabic and shə-REEF in Urdu, Sharif means ‘eminent’ and ‘virtuous’ in Arabic. It was a respectful title for descendants of Prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatima.

95. Shoaib

Derived from the same given name, Shoaib is pronounced as shoo-ieb in Arabic. It is the name of a Midianite prophet in the Quran, sometimes identified as Jethro.

96. Suhail

Suhail is derived from the same Arabic given name. It is derived from the Arabic word ‘sahula’, which means ‘level’ or ‘even’. Suhail was the pen name of the famous Urdu poet Iqbal Ahmed Khan.

protip_icon Trivia
Suhail or Lambda Velorum is the name of a star in the southern constellation of Vela. It is the third-brightest star in the constellation and one of the brighter stars in the sky (14).

97. Sultan

Sultan was originally used as a title and means ‘ruler’ in Arabic. It is also spelled as Sultana.

98. Tahir

Also spelled as Taheer and Taher, this surname is derived from the given name Tahir. It means ‘virtuous’, ‘pure’, and ‘chaste’ in Arabic.

99. Usman

Pronounced as ooth-MAN, this surname is derived from the given name Uthman, which means ‘baby bustard’ in Arabic. Othman and Osman are some variants of Usman. Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman Empire in the 13th century (15).

100. Yousaf

Yousaf is a Pakistani surname that is considered to be the Urdu variant of Yosef or Joseph. It means ‘He will add’.

101. Yousafzai

A surname of Pashto origins, Yousafzai means ‘son of Yusuf’. One of the most well-known bearers of this name is Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani education and human rights activist and a Nobel Peace Prize winner. 

102. Younis

Younis is derived from the given name Yunus and is pronounced similarly. These names are the Arabic variants of Jonah, which means ‘dove’.

Unique Pakistani Last Names

These Pakistani surnames are usually used only in Pakistan or are rare. Take a look at this list of these unique last names with their meanings.

103. Abrar

Derived from the same given name, Abrar means ‘virtuous’ in Arabic. Interestingly, as a given name, it is generally used as a feminine name in Arab countries but as a masculine name in Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh.

104. Achakzai

The surname is derived from Pashto and is considered to be a possessive one. It means ‘son of Achak’, and has roots in the Siksika language used by the Blackfoot people of Alberta and Montana. It means ‘spirit’ in Siksika and Algonquin.

105. Ahad

The surname is derived from the same given name. It means ‘one’, ‘unique’, and ‘matchless’ in Arabic and is one of the 99 names of Allah (16).

106. Alizai

Another surname with Pashto roots, Alizai means ‘son of Ali’. It is variously written as Alizay, Ali Zai, and Ali-Zai.

107. Ayubi

Used in Persian, Pashto, and Urdu, Ayubi is considered to be a variant of the Persian surname Ayoubi. These names are derived from Ayyub, which is the Arabic variant of the Biblical Job.

108. Badar

Badar is derived from the given name Badr. It means ‘full moon’ in Arabic and has special significance in Islam.

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109. Bahl

A surname that is used both in Pakistan and India, Bahl has Sanskrit roots. It means ‘strong’, ‘solid’, and ‘firm’. Incidentally, Bahl is also a German surname.

110. Bai

Bai is possibly derived from the Hindi word for ‘lady’. It is used as a surname in India in many languages. Bai is also a Chinese surname.

111. Bal

Also written as Bal Gill, Bal is found among Sikh and Muslim Jat families in Punjab. It could also have Turkish origins from the word ‘bal’, which means ‘honey’.. 

112. Bhatti

Spelled variously as Bhati, Bhat, and Bhatta, this surname is a variant of Bhatt. It is derived from Sanskrit and means ‘lord’ and ‘learned one’.

113. Chawla

Chawla is derived from the name of a clan in the Arora community of the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. It is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘chawal’, which means ‘rice’. Alternatively, it could also be a habitational name derived from Rohri in Pakistan.

114. Cheema

Cheema is a Punjabi Jat surname of a sub-clan in India and Pakistan. It is used in both Shahmukhi and Gurmukhi and is also spelled as Chima.

115. Chishti

Chishti was developed as a toponymic surname from Chisht in Afghanistan. It is also spelled as Chishty and is used by people who are descendants of Moinuddin Chishti. 

116. Ditta

Ditta is derived from the Urdu Dutta, which, in turn, comes from Datta. It has Sanskrit roots and means ‘given’ or ‘granted’.

117. Ejaz

Derived from the given name Ijaz, this surname means ‘miracle’ or ‘inimitability’ in Arabic. It is usually used to describe the miraculous nature of the Quran.

118. Elahi

Elahi is derived from the given name Ilahi, which has Aramaic roots. It means ‘My God.’ Elah means ‘god’ and the suffix -i means ‘my’. It is found in the Old Testament.

119. Essa

Derived from the given name Isa, Essa is the Arabic form of Jesus. It is considered to be a holy name and is pronounced as EE-sa.

120. Fahad

Fahad is derived from the same Arabic given name. These names come from Fahd, which means ‘panther’ in Arabic.

121. Farhat

Pronounced as far-HAT, this surname means ‘joy,’ ‘mirth,’ and ‘delight’ in Arabic. It has several variants such as Farhad, Ferhat, Farhadi, Farhâdi, Ferhati, Ferhatović, Ferhatoğlu, and Fərhadov.

122. Fatima

Also written as Fatma, this surname is derived from the given name Fatimah. It means ‘to abstain’ in Arabic and was the name of the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (17) (18). Fatima is considered to be a holy name among Shia Muslims.

123. Fawad

Another Pakistani surname that is derived from a given name, Fawad means ‘heart’ in Arabic. It is derived from the Arabic word ‘fu’ad’.

124. Fayaz

Pronounced as fie-YAD in Arabic, Fayaz means ‘generous’ or ‘charitable’ in Arabic. It is also used as a Dhivehi surname.

125. Ganjoo

Ganjoo is a surname that is used in the Kashmiri Pandit clan. It was derived as an occupational name for a treasurer in a king’s court.

126. Ghafoor

The surname is derived from the given name Ghafur, which means ‘forgiving’ in Arabic. It is one of the 99 names of Allah (19).

127. Ghengat

Also spelled as Ghenghat and Ghen’ghat, this surname belongs to the Mewati Rajput clan of Muslims in Pakistan. It is considered to be a sister clan of the Bhatis and the Jaduns.

128. Haq

Alternatively spelled as Haque, Haqq, and Hoque, this surname means ‘true’, ‘right’, and ‘real’ in Arabic. It is mainly used in the Indian subcontinent but you can find it in other Muslim countries, too.

129. Haris

Derived from the given name Harith, this surname means ‘plowman’ or ‘cultivator’ in Arabic. It was possibly an occupational name for a farmer.

130. Hayat

Hayat is derived from the same given name and means ‘life’ in Arabic. It has variants such as Hayet and Hayah. Incidentally, Hayat is also a Hebrew surname.

131. Isa

Spelled variously as Issa, Eissa, and Eisa, this surname is considered to be a holy name in Islam. Isa is the Arabic name of Jesus and appears in the Quran.

132. Mugheri

Also spelled as Mughery or Mughairi, this surname belongs to a Pakistani clan who are descendants of Arabs. It is considered to be a patronymic that originated from Field Marshal Mughera Bin Zaid Bin Hatim, who served during the Abbasid Caliphate.

133. Nanjiani

Nanjiani could be possibly derived from the Hindi and Urdu word ‘nanhe’, which means ‘young’. Kumail Nanjiani, a Pakistani-American actor, is a famous bearer of this name.

134. Naqvi

Naqvi is a Pakistani last name that has Arabic roots. It means ‘pure’ or ‘clean’, and is the name of a Shi’ite clan in Iran, Iraq, and South Asia.

135. Pasha

Derived as a status name or an occupational name, this surname could mean ‘king’ from the Persian word ‘padeshah’ or ‘head’ and ‘lord’ from the Turkish word ‘baş’. Incidentally, Pasha is also an Albanian and Turkish surname.

136. Passi

Passi is a Pakistani and Indian surname used mostly by the Punjabi Khatri community. It is also an Australian surname.

137. Popalzai

Also written as Popalzay, this surname is possibly derived from the Persian word ‘pupal’, which means ‘betel nut’. The Popalzai people are a sub-tribe of the Durrani tribe in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

138. Qayyum

Derived from the same Arabic word, Qayyum means ‘subsistence’, ‘independence’, or ‘sustainer’. It is also spelled as Qayyoom.

139. Roshan

Roshan is a surname used in several languages besides Urdu, including Persian, Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, and Punjabi. It is derived from the same given name and means ‘light’ or ‘bright’ in Persian.

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140. Samad

A surname used in Arabic, Urdu, Bengali, and Dhivehi, Samad is derived from the same given name. It means ‘eternal’ in Arabic.

141. Sattar

Sattar is used as an Arabic, Urdu, and Persian surname and is pronounced as sat-TAR in Arabic and sat-TAWR in Persian. It means ‘veil’, ‘screen’, or ‘curtain’ in Arabic.

142. Sethi

Sethi is an occupational surname derived from the Sanskrit word ‘shreshta’, which means ‘best’, ‘chief’, or ‘most excellent’.

143. Soomro

Soomro is a Pakistani surname mainly used by the Sindhi community. It originated as a habitational name from the city of Samarra in Iraq.

144. Tarar

Tarar is a surname that is found among the Jat clan of Punjabis and Muslims in Pakistan. It is mostly found in the Punjab regions of Pakistan and India.

145. Tariq

Tariq is derived from the same given name, which means ‘he who knocks at the door’ in Arabic. Tarik and Tarek are some of its variants.

146. Tumas

Spelled variously as Ṭūmās, Tuma, Ṭūmā, Toma, and Tomas, this surname is considered to be the Arabic form of Thomas, which means ‘twin’. It is pronounced as TOO-ma or TOO-mas in Arabic and Urdu and too-MA and too-MAS in Urdu.

147. Uddin

Another surname with Arabic origins, Uddin is derived from the word ‘ad-din’, which means ‘the religion’. It is usually used as a suffix for given names.

148. Wali

Wali is derived from the Arabic word ‘waliyy’, which means ‘helper’, ‘friend’, and ‘protector’. It is usually used in Islam to describe a saint. Sima Wali was a notable person with this surname. She was one of the most well-known human rights activists from Afghanistan.

149. Zaman

Zaman means ‘time’, ‘age’, or ‘era’ in Arabic. It may be used in conjunction with other surnames such as Hasan (Hasauzzaman) or Nur (Nuruzzaman) to create more meaningful surnames.

150. Zia

Pronounced as dee-YA in Arabic and JEE-a in Bengali, this Pakistani surname is derived from the given name Ziya. It means ‘splendor’, ‘light’, and ‘glow’ in Arabic.

151. Zulfiqar

Used both as a surname and a given name, Zulfiqar means ‘cleaver of the spine’. It was the name of Prophet Muhammad’s sword, later given to his son-in-law Ali.

1. How do Pakistani last names reflect the country’s diverse culture?

Pakistani last names have roots in different ancient languages, such as Arabic, Sanskrit, and Persian. These languages influence these last names with aspects from the related culture. Moreover, the different clans and tribes of Pakistan contribute to the creation of surnames, which reflects the country’s rich history.

2. What are common last names among different ethnic groups in Pakistan?

Common surnames such as Singh, Bhatti, Bhutto, Soomro, Khan, Abbasi, and Malik are used among different ethnic groups in Pakistan.

Pakistani last names encapsulate the country’s traditions and culture. From religious associations to noble lineages, these surnames cover a wide range. They also serve as a way of fostering a sense of pride and belonging among Pakistani people worldwide. These surnames remain an integral part of Pakistan’s ever-evolving culture. We hope this list offers you a glimpse into the country’s rich cultural, religious, and linguistic heritage.

Key Pointers

  • Pakistani surnames are usually derived from Arabic, though they also have influences from Pashto, Persian, Sanskrit, and more.
  • Many Pakistani surnames are derived from the Quran and are directly associated with Allah or the Prophet Muhammad.
  • Pakistani last names may also be derived from tribe and clan names.
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